In the nature of existence
Titanium is rich in earth reserves, the crust abundance of 0.61%, seawater containing titanium 1 × 10 ^ -7, its content than the common copper, nickel, tin, lead, zinc are higher. There are about 140 known titanium minerals, but the major industrial applications are ilmenite (FeTiO3) and rutile (TiO2).
Deposit type and distribution
More than thirty countries around the world own titanium resources. But titanium is mainly distributed in Australia, South Africa, Canada, China and India and other countries. Canada, China and India are mainly rock ores; Australia and the United States are mainly sand ores; and South Africa has very large rock and sand deposits.
Global distribution of titanium reserves
According to data released by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) in 2015, the total amount of global anatase, ilmenite and rutile resources exceeds 2 billion tons, of which the ilmenite reserves are about 720 million tons, accounting for the global 92%, rutile reserves of about 47 million tons, both total reserves of about 767 million tons. Global titanium resources are mainly distributed in Australia, South Africa, Canada, China and India and other countries.
Ilmenite Specific data: China (200 million tons), Australia (170 million tons), India (85 million tons), South Africa (63 million tons), Brazil (43 million tons).